President Obama signed the FOIA (Freedom of Information Act) Improvement Act into law on July 4, 2016 — the 50th anniversary of the FOIA. Among other changes (and in no particular order), the new law:
(1) Codifies previous DOJ guidance that disclosure to one requester requires disclosure to ALL similar requesters;
(2) Establishes a 90-day minimum period for administrative FOIA appeals;
(3) Prohibits agencies from charging search or duplication fees if they exceed the statutory response deadline, unless the request involved over 5,000 pages’ worth of documents;
(4) Provides a right to dispute resolution via the agency’s FOIA Liaison Officer (or that of the Office of Government Information Services);
(5) Eliminated the deliberative process privilege for inter-/intra-agency memoranda/other records that are more than 25 years old at the time the request is made; and
(6) Requires agencies to include in their annual FOIA reports statistics on (a) requests for expedited review; (b) fee waiver requests; (c) total fees collected; and (d) total full-time agency staff devoted to fulfilling FOIA requests.
This is a big deal, and very welcome news. Moving forward, this will make FOIA requests cheaper and easier to follow up on for the public, and also promotes greater transparency in the operation of the overall FOIA machine. The provisions have already been incorporated into the U.S. Code at 5 U.S.C. § 552.